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2019
02-26

mac VirtualBox Vagrant

. 显示当前版本
# vagrant –version
Vagrant 2.0.2

2. 列出所有Box
#vagrant box list
iamseth/rhel-7.3 (virtualbox, 1.0.0)

3. 添加一个Box
#vagrant box add [options] <name, url, or path>

1)可以从https://app.vagrantup.com/boxes/search下载各种Vagrant映像文件
#vagrant box add ubuntu/trusty64

2) 通过指定的URL添加远程box
#vagrant box add https://atlas.hashicorp.com/ubuntu/boxes/trusty64

3) 添加一个本地box
命令格式如下
# vagrant box add {box_name} {file_path}

示例如下:
# vagrant box add CentOS7.1 file:///D:/Work/VagrantBoxes/CentOS-7.1.1503-x86_64-netboot.box

4. 初始化一个新VM
# vagrant init ubuntu/trustry64

此命令会在当前目录创建一个名为Vagrantfile的配置文件,内容大致如下:
Vagrant.configure(“2″) do |config|
config.vm.box = “ubuntu/trusty64″
end

4.1 同步本地目录到VM:config.vm.synced_folder “/vagrant/source”, “/home/source”

当在此目录启动Vagrant后,Vagrant会从互联网下载“ubuntu/trusty64”这个box到本地,并使用它作为VM的映像。
5. 初始化一个新VM
# vagrant up

如果我们想启动任意VM,首先进入有Vagrantfile配置文件的目录,然后执行上面的命令。控制台的输出通常如下:
Bringing machine ‘default’ up with ‘virtualbox’ provider…
==> default: Importing base box ‘ubuntu/trusty64’…
==> default: Matching MAC address for NAT networking…
==> default: Checking if box ‘ubuntu/trusty64′ is up to date…
==> default: Setting the name of the VM: start_default_1518789015107_16928
==> default: Clearing any previously set forwarded ports…
Vagrant is currently configured to create VirtualBox synced folders with
the `SharedFoldersEnableSymlinksCreate` option enabled. If the Vagrant
guest is not trusted, you may want to disable this option. For more
information on this option, please refer to the VirtualBox manual:

https://www.virtualbox.org/manual/ch04.html#sharedfolders

This option can be disabled globally with an environment variable:

VAGRANT_DISABLE_VBOXSYMLINKCREATE=1

or on a per folder basis within the Vagrantfile:

config.vm.synced_folder ‘/host/path’, ‘/guest/path’, SharedFoldersEnableSymlinksCreate: false
==> default: Clearing any previously set network interfaces…
==> default: Preparing network interfaces based on configuration…
default: Adapter 1: nat
==> default: Forwarding ports…
default: 22 (guest) => 2222 (host) (adapter 1)
==> default: Booting VM…
==> default: Waiting for machine to boot. This may take a few minutes…
default: SSH address: 127.0.0.1:2222
default: SSH username: vagrant
default: SSH auth method: private key
default:
default: Vagrant insecure key detected. Vagrant will automatically replace
default: this with a newly generated keypair for better security.
default:
default: Inserting generated public key within guest…
default: Removing insecure key from the guest if it’s present…
default: Key inserted! Disconnecting and reconnecting using new SSH key…
==> default: Machine booted and ready!
==> default: Checking for guest additions in VM…
default: The guest additions on this VM do not match the installed version of
default: VirtualBox! In most cases this is fine, but in rare cases it can
default: prevent things such as shared folders from working properly. If you see
default: shared folder errors, please make sure the guest additions within the
default: virtual machine match the version of VirtualBox you have installed on
default: your host and reload your VM.
default:
default: Guest Additions Version: 4.3.36
default: VirtualBox Version: 5.2
==> default: Mounting shared folders…
default: /vagrant => /Users/qianlong/DockerProjects/vagrant/start

6.启用SSH登陆VM
进入Vagrantfile配置文件所在的目录,执行以下命令:
# vagrant ssh

如果需要从虚拟机中退出,直接在虚拟机中的命令行输入exit命令即可
7. 查看VM当前的状态
进入Vagrantfile配置文件所在的目录,执行以下命令:
# vagrant status

如果VM正在运行,你可以在控制台中看到如下信息:
Current machine states:

default running (virtualbox)

The VM is running. To stop this VM, you can run `vagrant halt` to
shut it down forcefully, or you can run `vagrant suspend` to simply
suspend the virtual machine. In either case, to restart it again,
simply run `vagrant up`.

8.关闭VM
进入Vagrantfile配置文件所在的目录,执行以下命令:
# vagrant halt

9.销毁VM
命令格式如下:
vagrant destory [name|id]

示例如下:
# vagrant destroy ubuntu/trusty64

如果我们是使用了默认的虚拟机名”default”,那其实我们可以直接输入如下命令销毁VM
# vagrant desotry

运行结果如下:
default: Are you sure you want to destroy the ‘default’ VM? [y/N] y
==> default: Forcing shutdown of VM…
==> default: Destroying VM and associated drives…

最后编辑:
作者:qiangdeli
这个作者貌似有点懒,什么都没有留下。

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